Anaesthesist. 2005 Aug;54(8):741-54.
[Artificial oxygen carriers as an alternative to red blood cell transfusion]
[Article in German]
Habler O, Pape A, Meier J, Zwissler B.
Klinik fur Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin und Schmerztherapie, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat, Frankfurt a. M. firstname.lastname@example.org
The expected cost-explosion in transfusion medicine (increasing imbalance between donors and recipients, treatment of transfusion-associated complications) increases the socio-economic significance of the development of safe and effective synthetic oxygen carriers as an alternative to the transfusion of allogeneic red blood cells. Currently two types of artificial oxygen carriers have been tested for safety and efficacy in cases of severe anemia otherwise requiring transfusion. Solutions based on human or bovine hemoglobin (HBOC) possess vasoconstrictor properties in addition to their oxygen transport capacity. The impact of vasoconstriction on tissue perfusion and organ function is however not yet fully understood. Nevertheless, in 2001 the bovine HBOC Hemopure was approved in South Africa for treatment of acutely anemic surgical patients. The purely synthetic perfluorocarbon (PFC) emulsions increase the physically dissolved portion of arterial oxygen content. Due to their particulate nature (emulsion droplets) PFCs may only be infused in low doses to avoid overload and malfunction of phagocytic cells of the reticulo-endothelial system. As part of a multimodal blood conservation program (including normovolemic hemodilution and hyperoxia) the low-dose administration of Oxygent effectively increases intraoperative anemia tolerance. Although reduction of perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion has already been demonstrated for HBOC and PFC, the global clinical establishment of artificial oxygen carriers is not to be expected in the near future.
PMID: 16021390 [PubMed - in process]